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Title: Livingston/Brewer/Morre/Morrison DNA Connection
Posted by: Rob Livingston
Date: 14 May 2005

DNA results are beginning to suggest that the Barons of Bachuil (the Lismore Livingstones, otherwise known by the surname MacOnlea or Mac Donn Sliebhe) may have a lowland connection after all.  Among their closest DNA matches are the surnames Brewer, Morrison, and Moore.  The data suggests a common ancestor between the four surnames between 575 and 1175 years ago.  For comparison sake, the same Livingstones share a common ancestor with another Livingstone of Lismore, a McKinlay and a MacLay (of Dunfermline) sometime between 725 to 1175 years ago.

Research into these names yielded some very interesting information that ties them together in the town of West Linton, Cumberland, England.  West Linton, otherwise known as "Levington" lies on the Line River (aka Lyne River or Leven River), about 9 miles northeast of Carlisle.  This is just over the border from Scotland, a short distance from Hadrian's Wall.  Part of the old Barony of Levington, its principal residence was Kirklevington Hall - a structure built from materials taken from the old seat of the barony, Clough Hall. (It might be noted that a branch of the MacLeas in Glasglow went by the surname "McCloo".  Even though Clough is probably pronounced like "cluff", it's plausible that it's genitive form would sound like "cloo").

These surnames merge in a document extracted from the York Convention in 1204 between, "William BRIEWERE and Helewisa de Stuteville defendant, regarding the admeasure of her dower from Hugh de MORVILLE her late husband; viz that Richard (de MORVILLE) should quit claim to her the manor of Chircoswarde (Kirkoswald) and that MANOR OF LEVINGTON, and Helewisa released and quit claim to William the manor of Hisale and regarding the knights, Helewisa has retained the service of Roger de Bello Campo, without devison and against that, she has quit claimed to William the services of Robert de Budecastre and Richard de Niewton without devison and the remainder of the knights must be devided by lot, so that Helwesia have a third and William BRIEWERE two (third) parts."

Hugh de Morville was Constable of Scotland.  Helwesia de Stutesville was his second wife, his first being Beatrice de Beauchamp, rendered in Latin as "Bello Campo" (Looks a lot like a dyslexic Campbell, doesn't it?).  He also held the barony of Burgh-by-Sands to the west of Carlisle.  He is said to have been one of the murderers of St. Thomas of Canterbury.  It is conceivable that the names Morville, Moore, and Morrison all have a common origin.  One could even throw in the possibility of a "Milmore" into the equation. (Joannes M'Milmore V'Kevir was the ancestor of the Lismore Livingstones).

Little is known about Willaim Briewere.  Other spellings include Briewer, Briewar, and Brewer.  There was a Bishop Briewere of Exeter, England who joined the Crusades to the Holy Land in 1228.  The name is taken from the occupation, and the Brewers are considered a sept of Clan Buchanan, another surname that closely matches that of the Livingstones (a common ancestor from between 425 to 1025 years ago).

It is interesting to note that adjacent to Burgh, Cumberland is the community of Rockcliff.  Rock and Rocks are also surnames that come very close to the Livingstone DNA profile.  These tests are only at the 25 marker level, so a refinement would appear to be in order to test the real closeness of the numbers.

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